Sandalwood Oil ( Santalum album L.): Source of a Botanical Pesticide—Present Status and Potential Prospects

Authored by: Somnath Roy , Gautam Handique , Ranjida Ahmed , N. Muraleedharan

Green Pesticides Handbook

Print publication date:  May  2017
Online publication date:  July  2017

Print ISBN: 9781498759380
eBook ISBN: 9781315153131
Adobe ISBN:


 Download Chapter



Plant essential oils are naturally occurring volatile components primarily derived from the seeds, stems, bark, and roots of many plants that have been in use for thousands of years in various civilizations for medicinal and health purposes (Jones, 1996). The versatile role of these essential oils ranges from personal beauty care and household cleaning products, aromatherapy, and natural drugs, which comes from the antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant properties present in them (Anonymous, 2016). These oils are usually present in glandular hairs or secretory cavities of the plant cell wall and as fluid droplets in the bark, flowers, leaves, stems, roots, and/or fruits of diverse plants. The aromatic properties of essential oils execute various functions for the plants, which include attracting or deterring insects, protecting themselves from heat or cold, and utilizing some chemical constituents such as monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes, and phenolics (Bhalla et al., 2013) of the oil as defense materials (Koul et al., 2008).

Search for more...
Back to top

Use of cookies on this website

We are using cookies to provide statistics that help us give you the best experience of our site. You can find out more in our Privacy Policy. By continuing to use the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.