Introduction

Authored by: Andre U. Sokolnikov

Graphene for Defense and Security

Print publication date:  July  2017
Online publication date:  July  2017

Print ISBN: 9781498727624
eBook ISBN: 9781315120379
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/9781315120379-1

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Abstract

Graphene is a new derivative that belongs to a big family of graphite-like materials. One major feature is that it is two dimensional. Usually, graphene is a single layer formed by lattices of carbon atoms that may be defined as a two-dimensional lattice of benzene rings without hydrogen atoms. Notwithstanding being one-layer thick, graphene is more robust than many conventional materials including steel. Another phenomenon that graphene has revealed is the possession of properties of electrons similar to those of photons and neutrinos. The new properties of electrons result from the symmetry of the atomic positions and the cone-shaped (rather than parabolic) regions in the electron energy distribution areas. The solid state physic laws are applicable to the graphene phenomenon. The Schrodinger theory explains the electron behavior in graphene as the Dirac expression do, but the whole phenomenon goes beyond the theoretical predictions of what condensed matter can be.

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