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Apple

Authored by: Balaji Aglave

Handbook of Plant Disease Identification and Management

Print publication date:  October  2018
Online publication date:  October  2018

Print ISBN: 9781138585478
eBook ISBN: 9780429504907
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/9780429504907-4

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Abstract

The apple tree is a deciduous tree in the rose family best known for its sweet, pomaceous fruit, the apple. Apples are cultivated worldwide as a fruit tree and is the most widely grown species in the genus Malus. The apple tree grows approximately 1.8 to 4.6 m (6 to 15 ft) tall in cultivation and up to 12 m (39 ft) in the wild. The leaves are characterized by alternate arrangements of dark green-colored, simple ovals with serrated margins and slightly downy undersides. The apple fruit matures during late summer or autumn, and cultivars exist in a wide range of sizes. World production of apples in 2014 was 84.6 million tons from which China contributing to 48% of the world total. Other major producers with 6% or less of the world total were the United States, Poland, Turkey, and Italy (Figure 4.1). Figure 4.1 Apple.

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