Asian Monsoon

Authored by: Congbin Fu

Atmosphere and Climate

Print publication date:  June  2020
Online publication date:  May  2020

Print ISBN: 9781138339675
eBook ISBN: 9780429440984
Adobe ISBN:


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The entry starts with the original meaning of the word “monsoon” and the major factors of Asian monsoon formation. It then describes the major features of Asian monsoon climate and its two subsystems: South Asian monsoon and East Asian monsoon. The variability of monsoon systems depends on different timescales, including intraseasonal, interannual, and decadal, and their relationships with large-scale atmospheric–ocean interaction, such as El Nino/Southern Oscillation (ENSO), Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD), and Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO). Variation in the geological scale and its link with uplifting of the Tibetan Plateau are also introduced. The potential influence of global warming and other anthropogenic factors on Asian monsoons is mentioned. The significant impacts of monsoon climate and its variability on society and economics, particularly the climate-related disasters, have been summarized. The concept of “global monsoon” is introduced at the end.

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