Single Electronics: Modeling and Simulation Techniques

Authored by: B. S. Pês , E. Oroski , J. G. Guimarães

21 Century Nanoscience – A Handbook

Print publication date:  November  2020
Online publication date:  November  2020

Print ISBN: 9780815356417
eBook ISBN: 9780429351617
Adobe ISBN:


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In 1965, Gordon Moore enunciated that the miniaturization rate of electronic devices would double every 2 years. Since then, several efforts were made to keep the validity of the so-called Moore’s Law. However, at the end of 1990s, performance issues due to shrinking the characteristic dimension of transistors emerged. Companies as such as Intel and IBM invested in new materials and fabrication techniques to overcome those problems. An example of a new technique is stretching silicon lattice by layering it in another crystal (Hain 2015).

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