Nano Superconducting Quantum Interference Device

Authored by: Carmine Granata , Paolo Silvestrini , Antonio Vettoliere

21 Century Nanoscience – A Handbook

Print publication date:  April  2020
Online publication date:  April  2020

Print ISBN: 9780815357087
eBook ISBN: 9780429351594
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/9780429351594-10

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Abstract

Direct current Superconducting QUantum Interference Device (dc SQUID) is the most sensitive magnetic flux and field detector known so far [1,2]. Due to the low operating temperature and quantum working principle, a SQUID exhibits an equivalent energy sensitivity that approaches the quantum limit. Thanks to their unique properties, SQUID devices are widely used in several applications [3,4] like biomagnetism, magnetic microscopy, nondestructive evaluation, geophysics, astrophysics, quantum information, particle physics, and, recently, also in nanoscience.

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