Natural Enemies: Conservation

Authored by: Cetin Sengonca

Managing Biological and Ecological Systems

Print publication date:  July  2020
Online publication date:  July  2020

Print ISBN: 9781138342644
eBook ISBN: 9780429346170
Adobe ISBN:


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Natural enemies suffer severely from the use of broad-spectrum pesticides in agroecosystems and absence or destruction of food resources, shelter sites, egg-laying places, etc., during the vegetation period. Furthermore, unfavorable environmental conditions and lack of overwintering shelters during hibernation are causing high mortality among beneficial insects. The careful use of pesticides and the proper modification of environmental conditions may conserve natural enemies and increase their efficacy.

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