New Method for the Preparation of Thick Conducting Polymer Composites

Authored by: Eli Ruckenstein , Jun Seo Park

Concentrated Emulsion Polymerization

Print publication date:  April  2019
Online publication date:  March  2019

Print ISBN: 9780367134556
eBook ISBN: 9780429026577
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/9780429026577-2

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Abstract

A highly porous and absorbable crosslinked polystyrene, prepared by the concentrated emulsion polymerization method, was used as host polymer for the preparation of conducting, large objects, polymer composites. The composites, whose conductivity can be as high as 0.80 S/cm, were prepared by (1) imbibing the host polymer with a pyrrole (or oxidant) solution, (2) partially drying the imbibed host polymer, and (3) imbibing again with an oxidant (or pyrrole) solution for polymerization to take place. The electrical conductivity of the composite and the penetration of polypyrrole in the host polymer are influenced by the polymerization conditions (i.e., the concentrations of oxidant and pyrrole and the nature of the solvents used for the oxidant and pyrrole), the order in which the two imbibing solutions are introduced, and the drying time used after the first imbibation. The mechanical properties of the host polymer are improved with the incorporation of polypyrrole. Scanning electron micrographs of the composites indicate that the polypyrrole coats uniformly as a film inside of the porous host polymer.

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