Lipase Immobilized on Hydrophobic Porous Polymer Supports Prepared by Concentrated Emulsion Polymerization and Their Activity in the Hydrolysis of Triacylglycerides

Authored by: Eli Ruckenstein , Xiao-Bai Wang

Concentrated Emulsion Polymerization

Print publication date:  April  2019
Online publication date:  March  2019

Print ISBN: 9780367134556
eBook ISBN: 9780429026577
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/9780429026577-16

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Abstract

Microporous polymer supports for the immobilization of lipase have been prepared by the polymerization of a concentrated emulsion precursor. The concentrated emulsion consists of a mixture of styrene and divinylbenzene containing a suitable surfactant and an initiator as the continuous phase and water as the dispersed phase. The volume fraction of the latter phase was greater than 0.74, which is the volume fraction of the dispersed phase for the most compact arrangement of spheres of equal radius. The lipase from Candida rugosa has been immobilized on the internal surface of the hydrophobic microporous poly(styrene-divinylbenzene) supports and used as biocatalysts for the hydrolysis of triacylglycerides. The effects of the amount of surfactant, of the molar ratio of divinylbenzene/styrene in the continuous phase, and of the aquaphilicity of the supports on the adsorption, activity, and stability of the immobilized lipase have been investigated. The microporous poly(styrene-divinylbenzene) adsorbents constitute excellent supports for lipase because both the amount adsorbed is large and the rate of enzymatic reaction per molecule of lipase is higher for the immobilized enzyme than for the free one. © 1993 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

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