Nosocomial Infection

Authored by: Daryl S. Paulson

Handbook of Topical Antimicrobials

Print publication date:  September  2002
Online publication date:  September  2002

Print ISBN: 9780824707880
eBook ISBN: 9780203909256
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/9780203909256.ch9

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Abstract

It has been estimated that every year between 5 and 10% of patients admitted to hospitals in the United States and Europe will acquire an infection that was not present before they were admitted to the hospital [1]. A number of these nosocomial (hospital-acquired) infections lead to the patient’s death at one extreme or, at the least, require additional antimicrobial chemotherapy. Among critically ill patients, the prevalence of hospital-acquired infection can reach 50% in intensive care units, where patients remain for prolonged periods, often undergoing invasive therapeutic support, such as mechanical ventilation. Within hospitals, the surgical and medical wards usually have the highest infection rates, while pediatric and neonatal services have the lowest.

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