Pyrogens and Endotoxin Detection

Authored by: James F. Cooper

Encyclopedia of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology

Print publication date:  July  2013
Online publication date:  July  2013

Print ISBN: 9781841848198
eBook ISBN: 9781351124874
Adobe ISBN:

10.1081/E-EPT4-v4-38

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Abstract

A pyrogen is defined as a fever-producing agent. Pyrogens are substances that cause febrile reactions when sufficient amounts enter the circulatory system. Bacterial endotoxin is the most significant pyrogen because of its potency and ubiquity. The Bacterial Endotoxins Test has generally replaced the rabbit pyrogen test in the pharmaceutical applications.

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