Freeze Drying: Scale-Up Considerations

Authored by: Antonello A. Barresi , Roberto Pisano

Encyclopedia of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology

Print publication date:  July  2013
Online publication date:  July  2013

Print ISBN: 9781841848198
eBook ISBN: 9781351124874
Adobe ISBN:


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The pathway that brings a new drug to the market is the result of a series of controlled trials, which aim to test its safety and efficacy. After a preclinical phase, wherein the tests are carried out in laboratory and usually involves animal studies, the drug is subjected to clinical testing. This last step usually involves three phases.

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