Microscopy: X-Ray

Authored by: Michael Feser

Encyclopedia of Optical and Photonic Engineering

Print publication date:  September  2015
Online publication date:  September  2015

Print ISBN: 9781439850978
eBook ISBN: 9781351247184
Adobe ISBN:


 Download Chapter



X-ray microscopy has established itself as a standard microscopic investigation technique alongside optical and charged particle microscopy. The penetrating power of x-rays allows three-dimensional computed tomography imaging at microscopic scales. The sensitivity of x-ray interactions to the electronic structure and chemical bonds provides additional spectroscopic contrast mechanisms. This entry describes the types of mainstream microscopes, the materials and structures used for x-ray optical elements, considerations for x-ray sources, contrast mechanisms, and some selected application areas.

Search for more...
Back to top

Use of cookies on this website

We are using cookies to provide statistics that help us give you the best experience of our site. You can find out more in our Privacy Policy. By continuing to use the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.