Optical Fiber: Structured

Authored by: John Canning

Encyclopedia of Optical and Photonic Engineering

Print publication date:  September  2015
Online publication date:  September  2015

Print ISBN: 9781439850978
eBook ISBN: 9781351247184
Adobe ISBN:

10.1081/E-EOE2-120047169

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Abstract

A structured optical fiber (also called Fresnel fiber, Bragg fiber, photonic crystal fiber, photonic bandgap fiber, air-clad fiber, holey fiber, hole-assisted fiber, microstructured fiber, nanostructured fiber, and so on) is an optical fiber that obtains its properties by controlling the structure and pattern of structure within the length of the fiber host. The most common way of doing this is using airholes. The ability to control this distribution gives rise to very interesting properties that are either not easy to achieve or not possible using conventional fiber fabrication means. By allowing the fiber to be made from one material only, a number of important detrimental effects of conventional fibers can be overcome including, temperature and strain dependence.

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