Integrated Optical Circuits

Authored by: Ari Tervonen

Encyclopedia of Optical and Photonic Engineering

Print publication date:  September  2015
Online publication date:  September  2015

Print ISBN: 9781439850978
eBook ISBN: 9781351247184
Adobe ISBN:

10.1081/E-EOE2-120009808

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Abstract

Integrated optics is based on optical waveguides, in which locally increased refractive index causes existence of optical guided modes: distribution of optical wave fields bound in transverse dimensions into waveguide region and propagating along the waveguide axis. The final aim has been for the integration of a number of discrete devices on a single substrate, connected to each other by optical waveguides, as integrated optics circuits. Such integrated optics circuits promise enhanced functionality and performance, compactness, and cost-effective volume production capability.

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