Optical Fibers: Optical Communications

Authored by: John Gowar

Encyclopedia of Optical and Photonic Engineering

Print publication date:  September  2015
Online publication date:  September  2015

Print ISBN: 9781439850978
eBook ISBN: 9781351247184
Adobe ISBN:

10.1081/E-EOE2-120009655

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Abstract

This topic area embraces two important and overlapping subjects: the use of optical frequency carriers for the transmission of information and the use of transparent optical fibers for this and other purposes. This entry briefly describes the materials used to make optical fibers, the different types of fiber that are available, and the causes of attenuation and dispersion of light propagating through them. The basic characteristics of free space and guided optical communication systems are outlined and various effects that limit their information capacity and transmission distance are discussed.

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