Municipal Solid Waste: Reuse and Recycling

Authored by: Jayarama Reddy Puthalpet

Encyclopedia of Environmental Management

Print publication date:  December  2012
Online publication date:  December  2012

Print ISBN: 9781439829271
eBook ISBN: 9781351235860
Adobe ISBN:

10.1081/E-EEM-120050626

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Abstract

Municipal solid waste (MSW) has been increasing worldwide due to the rise in urban population and economic growth. Reduce, reuse, and recycle, the 3Rs, are the key aspects in waste management: reducing/preventing waste at its source, recovering the materials for reuse, and/or recycling to make the same or new products with economic and environmental benefits, and finally disposing of the rest at the landfills. Recycling is helping many industries—paper, glass, ferrous and non-ferrous metals, and chemicals—to a great extent by reducing the use of virgin materials and the cost of production and energy. As new markets for recycled materials/products emerge, recycling needs to increase while enhancing efforts to recover energy from the organic component of MSW.

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