Industrial Waste: Soil Pollution

Authored by: W. Friesl-Hanl , M.H. Gerzabek , W.W. Wenzel , W.E.H. Blum

Encyclopedia of Environmental Management

Print publication date:  December  2012
Online publication date:  December  2012

Print ISBN: 9781439829271
eBook ISBN: 9781351235860
Adobe ISBN:

10.1081/E-EEM-120046468

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Abstract

Pollution by industrial activities generally has negative impacts on human health and the environment, e.g., through uncontrolled disposal, careless handling of chemicals, as well as accidents. The world's worst-polluted sites are spread over all continents, affecting millions of people. Industrial waste can be solid, fluid, or gaseous and can be deposited near the emitter or far away. Industrial activities affect soil quality in different ways: physically, chemically, and biologically. Besides negative effects, options for a possible reuse of waste and by-products are also discussed, e.g., soil amelioration in nutrient-deficient areas as well as soil remediation through the application of by-products on contaminated soils for the immobilization of harmful elements. Besides waste prevention and the recycling of suitable materials, the use of wastes, by-products, or mixtures of both for amelioration, remediation, or recultivation are further possible options to regulate material fluxes.

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