Erosion by Water: Assessment and Control

Authored by: José Miguel Reichert , Nadia Bernardi Bonumá , Gustavo Enrique Merten , Jean Paolo Gomes Minella

Encyclopedia of Environmental Management

Print publication date:  December  2012
Online publication date:  December  2012

Print ISBN: 9781439829271
eBook ISBN: 9781351235860
Adobe ISBN:

10.1081/E-EEM-120046360

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Abstract

Soil erosion by water is a serious environmental and land degradation problem worldwide. This entry describes the causes of water erosion and the link between on-site and off-site environmental impacts as a result of soil losses. It briefly discusses erosion assessment by field monitoring, use of mathematical models, and visual and quantitative indicators. It also emphasizes the importance of adopting erosion control practices in agricultural areas and construction sites. Last, but not least, the role of farmers, constructors, scientists, and managers and the effectiveness of integrated environmental management are discussed.

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