Mycotoxins

Authored by: J. David Miller

Encyclopedia of Environmental Management

Print publication date:  December  2012
Online publication date:  December  2012

Print ISBN: 9781439829271
eBook ISBN: 9781351235860
Adobe ISBN:

10.1081/E-EEM-120046225

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Abstract

Mycotoxins are chemicals that are produced by filamentous fungi that affect human or animal health. By convention, this excludes mushroom poisons. All of these species are Deuteromycetes, some of which have a known ascomycetous stage. The occurrence of mycotoxins is entirely governed by the existence of conditions that favor the growth of the fungi concerned. Under environmental conditions, different fungal species are favored as diseases of crop plants or as saprophytes on stored crops. When the conditions favor the growth of toxigenic species, it is an invariable rule that one or more of the compounds for which the fungus has the genetic potential are produced.

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