Birds: Pesticide Use Impacts

Authored by: Pierre Mineau

Encyclopedia of Environmental Management

Print publication date:  December  2012
Online publication date:  December  2012

Print ISBN: 9781439829271
eBook ISBN: 9781351235860
Adobe ISBN:

10.1081/E-EEM-120046191

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Abstract

Pesticides are known to affect birds lethally and non-lethally, directly through intoxication and indirectly through their food supply. This entry reviews the types of impacts that have been recorded as well as the ways in which birds are exposed, how these impacts can be measured and how they can be reduced.

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