Fossil Fuel Combustion: Air Pollution and Global Warming

Authored by: Dan Golomb

Encyclopedia of Environmental Management

Print publication date:  December  2012
Online publication date:  December  2012

Print ISBN: 9781439829271
eBook ISBN: 9781351235860
Adobe ISBN:

10.1081/E-EEM-120042388

 Download Chapter

 

Abstract

Currently, fossil fuels supply about 86% of the global primary energy consumption for transportation, industrial, commercial and residential uses. Due to the combustion of fossil fuels, copious quantities of pollutants are emitted into the air, which impact the local, regional and global air quality. Regulatory agencies in most developed countries prescribe ambient standards (concentrations) for air pollutants at a level above which the pollutants could have an adverse impact on human health and the ecology. These agencies also prescribe emission standards for various industrial categories and for automobiles at a level that is considered safe for human health and the environment. The relationship between emissions and ambient concentrations is formulated by atmospheric models that take into account emission rates from various sources, transport by winds, dispersion by turbulence, and the removal processes of the pollutants by wet and dry deposition. It is technologically possible to significantly reduce the emissions of most pollutants by employing various pollution abatement technologies. The reduction of emissions of carbon dioxide, the major contributor to global warming, poses technological, economic, societal and political challenges of enormous magnitude.

 Cite
Search for more...
Back to top

Use of cookies on this website

We are using cookies to provide statistics that help us give you the best experience of our site. You can find out more in our Privacy Policy. By continuing to use the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.