Wetlands: Treatment System Use

Authored by: Kyle R. Mankin

Encyclopedia of Environmental Management

Print publication date:  December  2012
Online publication date:  December  2012

Print ISBN: 9781439829271
eBook ISBN: 9781351235860
Adobe ISBN:

10.1081/E-EEM-120010371

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Abstract

Wetland ecosystems generally can be defined by the presence of saturated soils and plants that grow well under these conditions. These two features promote many processes that trap, transform, and utilize a variety of the materials that flow into a wetland system with the incoming water. Because wetlands possess this capacity to remove contaminants from water, they have been utilized and even constructed for the purpose of treating polluted waters. As constructed treatment wetlands become a more common feature in municipal, rural, agricultural, and industrial settings, it is important to understand the features, processes, and design considerations that make these systems attractive natural-treatment options.

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