Irrigation Systems: Water Conservation

Authored by: I. Pai Wu , Javier Barragan , Vince Bralts

Encyclopedia of Environmental Management

Print publication date:  December  2012
Online publication date:  December  2012

Print ISBN: 9781439829271
eBook ISBN: 9781351235860
Adobe ISBN:

10.1081/E-EEM-120010068

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Abstract

A drip irrigation system is a form of localized irrigation that delivers water directly into the root zone of a crop. When properly designed and managed, a drip irrigation system can eliminate surface runoff, minimize deep seepage, and achieve high uniformity of water distribution and irrigation application efficiency. The development of drip irrigation in the late 1960s marked a period of tremendous improvement in irrigation science and technology in which water use is done more beneficially for agricultural production.

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