Bacterial Pest Control

Authored by: David N. Ferro

Encyclopedia of Environmental Management

Print publication date:  December  2012
Online publication date:  December  2012

Print ISBN: 9781439829271
eBook ISBN: 9781351235860
Adobe ISBN:

10.1081/E-EEM-120003820

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Abstract

Bacteria are the most widely used microbial agents for controlling insect pests. Bacteria that replicate within their hosts and that persist in the environment by maintaining an infection cycle are biological control agents in the traditional sense. However, some products produce toxins that kill insect pests and are applied the way an insecticide would be applied are often not considered to be biological control agents. Nematodes serve as vectors that mechanically penetrate into the insect hemocoel and deposit the bacteria; the bacteria then replicate and kill the host quickly by causing septicemia.

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