Wetlands: Carbon Sequestration

Authored by: Virginie Bouchard , Matthew Cochran

Encyclopedia of Environmental Management

Print publication date:  December  2012
Online publication date:  December  2012

Print ISBN: 9781439829271
eBook ISBN: 9781351235860
Adobe ISBN:


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The increase in the concentration of greenhouse gases in the troposphere and its relation to human activities is now well-documented. Wetland ecosystems receive and release organic carbon through hydrologically-driven mass fluxes. Thus, the carbon pool within any wetland ecosystem is in balance between primary production, microbial decomposition, and carbon fluxes within interconnected ecosystems. Wetlands play a particularly complex role in controlling greenhouses gases, as these ecosystems are intimately associated with all aspects of the production and consumption of both CO2 and CH4.

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