Water: Surface

Authored by: Victor de Vlaming

Encyclopedia of Environmental Management

Print publication date:  December  2012
Online publication date:  December  2012

Print ISBN: 9781439829271
eBook ISBN: 9781351235860
Adobe ISBN:


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The discipline of ecology has demonstrated that on smaller scales and on the scale of the Earth, all things are interrelated and interdependent. Thus, all life, including human existence, on Earth is dependent upon healthy and interdependent ecosystems. The focus of this entry is on the health of surface waters (i.e., aquatic ecosystems), particularly their constituent biota, yet the information presented is reflective of overall environmental health.

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