Biological Controls: Conservation

Authored by: Doug Landis , Steve D. Wratten

Encyclopedia of Environmental Management

Print publication date:  December  2012
Online publication date:  December  2012

Print ISBN: 9781439829271
eBook ISBN: 9781351235860
Adobe ISBN:

10.1081/E-EEM-100000400

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Abstract

Biological control is the use of living natural enemies to control pest species and is generally accomplished via importation, augmentation or conservation of natural enemies. Conservation biological control seeks to manipulate the environment to enhance the survival, fecundity, longevity, and behavior of natural enemies to increase their effectiveness in controlling pests. This differentiates it from the numerical augmentation of natural enemies through inundative or inoculative releases, or the importation of exotic natural enemies sometimes referred to as classical biological control. All forms of biological control ultimately depend on natural enemies finding a favorable environment in which to impact the pest, thus, conservation of natural enemies should be a critical consideration in all biological control efforts.

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