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Encyclopedia of Natural Resources

Edited by: Yeqiao Wang , Peter V. August , Jing Ming Chen , Russell G. Congalton , Giles Foody , Jefferson M. Fox , Darryl J. Keith , Xiaowen Li , Hui Lin , Kate Moran , Roger A. Pielke

Print publication date:  July  2014
Online publication date:  June  2014

Print ISBN: 9781439852583
eBook ISBN: 9781351043847
Adobe ISBN:

 Cite  Marc Record

Book description

With unprecedented attention on global change, the current debate revolves around the availability and sustainability of natural resources and how to achieve equilibrium between what society demands from natural environments and what the natural resource base can provide. A full understanding of the range of issues, from the consequences of the changing resource bases to the degradation of ecological integrity and the sustainability of life, is crucial to the process of developing solutions to this complex challenge.

Authored by world-class scientists and scholars, The Encyclopedia of Natural Resources provides an authoritative reference on a broad spectrum of topics such as the forcing factors and habitats of life; their histories, current status, and future trends; and their societal connections, economic values, and management. The content presents state-of-the-art science and technology development and perspectives of resource management. Written and designed with a broad audience in mind, the entries clearly elucidate the issues for readers at all levels.

Volume I ? Land includes 98 entries that cover the topical areas of renewable and nonrenewable natural resources such as forest and vegetative; soil; terrestrial coastal and inland wetlands; landscape structure and function and change; biological diversity; ecosystem services, protected areas, and management; natural resource economics; and resource security and sustainability.

In Volume II, Water includes 59 entries and Air includes 31 entries. The Water entries cover topical areas such as fresh water, groundwater, water quality and watersheds, ice and snow, coastal environments, and marine resources and economics. The Air entries cover air pollutants, atmospheric oscillation, circulation patterns and atmospheric water storage, as well as agroclimatology, climate change, and extreme events. Additional topics in meteorology include acid rain, drought, ozone depletion, water storage, and more.

Natural resources represent such a broad scope of complex and challenging topics that a reference book must cover a vast number of subjects in order to be titled an encyclopedia. The Encyclopedia of Natural Resources does just that. The topics covered help readers face current and future issues in the maintenance of clean air and water as well as the preservation of land resources and native biodiversity.

Table of contents

Chapter  1:  Agriculture: Organic Download PDF
Chapter  2:  Albedo Download PDF
Chapter  3:  Altitudinal Belts: Global Mountains, Patterns and Mechanisms Download PDF
Chapter  4:  Aquaforests and Aquaforestry: Africa Download PDF
Chapter  5:  Biodegradation and Bioremediation Download PDF
Chapter  6:  Biodiversity: Agriculture Download PDF
Chapter  7:  Biodiversity: Climate Change Download PDF
Chapter  8:  Biodiversity: Conservation Download PDF
Chapter  9:  Biodiversity: Habitat Suitability Download PDF
Chapter  10:  Biodiversity: Tropical Agroforestry Download PDF
Chapter  11:  Biodiversity: Values Download PDF
Chapter  12:  Biomes Download PDF
Chapter  13:  Boreal Forests: Climate Change Download PDF
Chapter  14:  Coastal Environments: Remote Sensing Download PDF
Chapter  15:  Coastal Erosion and Shoreline Change Download PDF
Chapter  16:  Community Forestry: Sustainability and Equity Issues Download PDF
Chapter  17:  Conserved Lands: Stewardship Download PDF
Chapter  18:  Desertification Download PDF
Chapter  19:  Diversity: Species Download PDF
Chapter  20:  Ecological and Evolutionary Processes  Download PDF
Chapter  21:  Ecological Security: Land Use Pattern and Simulation Modeling Download PDF
Chapter  22:  Ecology: Functions, Patterns, and Evolution Download PDF
Chapter  23:  Ecosystem Services: Evaluation Download PDF
Chapter  24:  Ecosystem Services: Land Systems Approach Download PDF
Chapter  25:  Ecosystem Services: Pollinators and Pollination Download PDF
Chapter  26:  Ecosystems: Diversity Download PDF
Chapter  27:  Ecosystems: Forest Nutrient Cycling Download PDF
Chapter  28:  Ecosystems: Functions and Services Download PDF
Chapter  29:  Ecosystems: Soil Animal Functioning Download PDF
Chapter  30:  Ecotone Download PDF
Chapter  31:  Edge Effects on Wildlife Download PDF
Chapter  32:  Environmental Goods and Services: Economic and Non-Economic Methods for Valuing Download PDF
Chapter  33:  Exotic and Invasive Species Download PDF
Chapter  34:  Fires: Wildland Download PDF
Chapter  35:  Forests: Temperate Evergreen and Deciduous Download PDF
Chapter  36:  Forests: Tropical Rain Download PDF
Chapter  37:  Fragmentation and Isolation Download PDF
Chapter  38:  Genetic Diversity in Natural Resources Management Download PDF
Chapter  39:  Genetic Resources Conservation: Ex Situ Download PDF
Chapter  40:  Genetic Resources Conservation: In Situ Download PDF
Chapter  41:  Genetic Resources: Farmer Conservation and Crop Management Download PDF
Chapter  42:  Genetic Resources: Seeds Conservation Download PDF
Chapter  43:  Herbicide-Resistant Crops: Impact Download PDF
Chapter  44:  Herbicide-Resistant Weeds Download PDF
Chapter  45:  Herbicides in the Environment Download PDF
Chapter  46:  Insects: Economic Impact Download PDF
Chapter  47:  Insects: Flower and Fruit Feeding Download PDF
Chapter  48:  Integrated Pest Management Download PDF
Chapter  49:  Keystone and Indicator Species Download PDF
Chapter  50:  Land Capability Analysis Download PDF
Chapter  51:  Land Capability Classification Download PDF
Chapter  52:  Land Change and Water Resource Vulnerability Download PDF
Chapter  53:  Land Plants: Origin and Evolution Download PDF
Chapter  54:  Land Surface Temperature: Remote Sensing Download PDF
Chapter  55:  Landscape Connectivity and Ecological Effects Download PDF
Chapter  56:  Landscape Dynamics, Disturbance, and Succession Download PDF
Chapter  57:  Land-Use and Land-Cover Change (LULCC) Download PDF
Chapter  58:  Leaves: Elevated CO Levels Download PDF
Chapter  59:  Mangrove Forests Download PDF
Chapter  60:  Marshes: Salt and Brackish Download PDF
Chapter  61:  Net Ecosystem Production (NEP) Download PDF
Chapter  62:  Nitrogen Fixation: Biological Download PDF
Chapter  63:  Ozone: Crop Yield and Quality Effects Download PDF
Chapter  64:  Peatlands Download PDF
Chapter  65:  Plant Breeding: Global Download PDF
Chapter  66:  Population Genetics Download PDF
Chapter  67:  Protected Area Management Download PDF
Chapter  68:  Protected Areas: Remote Sensing Download PDF
Chapter  69:  River Delta Processes and Shapes Download PDF
Chapter  70:  Savannas and Grasslands Download PDF
Chapter  71:  Soil Carbon and Nitrogen (C/N) Cycling Download PDF
Chapter  72:  Soil Degradation: Food Security Download PDF
Chapter  73:  Soil Degradation: Global Assessment Download PDF
Chapter  74:  Soil: Erosion Assessment Download PDF
Chapter  75:  Soil: Evaporation Download PDF
Chapter  76:  Soil: Fauna Download PDF
Chapter  77:  Soil: Fertility and Nutrient Management Download PDF
Chapter  78:  Soil: Organic Matter Download PDF
Chapter  79:  Soil: Organic Matter and Available Water Capacity Download PDF
Chapter  80:  Soil: Spatial Variability Download PDF
Chapter  81:  Soil: Taxonomy Download PDF
Chapter  82:  Sustainability and Sustainable Development Download PDF
Chapter  83:  Sustainable Agriculture: Social Aspects Download PDF
Chapter  84:  Transpiration Download PDF
Chapter  85:  Transpiration: Water Use Efficiency Download PDF
Chapter  86:  Urban Environments: Remote Sensing Download PDF
Chapter  87:  Vernal Pool Download PDF
Chapter  88:  Water Deficits: Development Download PDF
Chapter  89:  Weeds: Seed Banks and Seed Dormancy Download PDF
Chapter  90:  Wetlands Download PDF
Chapter  91:  Wetlands: Biodiversity Download PDF
Chapter  92:  Wetlands: Classification Download PDF
Chapter  93:  Wetlands: Coastal, InSAR Mapping Download PDF
Chapter  94:  Wetlands: Economic Value Download PDF
Chapter  95:  Wetlands: Ecosystems Download PDF
Chapter  96:  Wetlands: Freshwater Download PDF
Chapter  97:  Wetlands: Remote Sensing Download PDF
Chapter  98:  Wetlands: Tidal Download PDF
Chapter  99:  Aquaculture Download PDF
Chapter  100:  Aquifers: Groundwater Storage Download PDF
Chapter  101:  Aquifers: Recharge Download PDF
Chapter  102:  Acid Rain and Precipitation Chemistry Download PDF
Chapter  103:  Arctic Hydrology Download PDF
Chapter  104:  Arctic Oscillation Download PDF
Chapter  105:  Artificial Reservoirs: Land Cover Change on Local Climate Download PDF
Chapter  106:  Bathymetry: Assessment Download PDF
Chapter  107:  Bathymetry: Features and Hypsography Download PDF
Chapter  108:  Bathymetry: Seafloor Mapping History Download PDF
Chapter  109:  Coastal and Estuarine Waters: Light Behavior Download PDF
Chapter  110:  Coastal and Estuarine Waters: Optical Sensors and Remote Sensing Download PDF
Chapter  111:  Coastal Environments Download PDF
Chapter  112:  Coastal Natural Disasters: Tsunamis on the Sanriku Coast Download PDF
Chapter  113:  Coral Reef: Biology and History Download PDF
Chapter  114:  Coral Reef: Ecology and Conservation Download PDF
Chapter  115:  Drainage and Water Quality Download PDF
Chapter  116:  Endorheic Lake Dynamics: Remote Sensing Download PDF
Chapter  117:  Eutrophication Download PDF
Chapter  118:  Evaporation and Energy Balance Download PDF
Chapter  119:  Evaporation: Lakes and Large Bodies of Water Download PDF
Chapter  120:  Field Water Supply and Balance Download PDF
Chapter  121:  Fisheries: Conservation and Management Download PDF
Chapter  122:  Floodplain Management Download PDF
Chapter  123:  Groundwater Contamination Download PDF
Chapter  124:  Groundwater: World Resources Download PDF
Chapter  125:  Hydrologic Cycle Download PDF
Chapter  126:  Hydrologic Modeling of Extreme Events Download PDF
Chapter  127:  Hydrology: Environmental Download PDF
Chapter  128:  Hydrology: Urban Download PDF
Chapter  129:  Impervious Surface Area: Effects Download PDF
Chapter  130:  Infiltration Systems and Nitrate Removal Download PDF
Chapter  131:  Irrigation: River Flow Impact Download PDF
Chapter  132:  Low-Impact Development Download PDF
Chapter  133:  Marine Benthic Productivity Download PDF
Chapter  134:  Marine Mammals Download PDF
Chapter  135:  Marine Protected Areas Download PDF
Chapter  136:  Marine Resource Management Download PDF
Chapter  137:  Maritime Transportation and Ports Download PDF
Chapter  138:  Markets, Trade, and Seafood Download PDF
Chapter  139:  Ocean–Atmosphere Interactions Download PDF
Chapter  140:  Oceans: Observation and Prediction Download PDF
Chapter  141:  Pesticide Contamination: Groundwater Download PDF
Chapter  142:  Pesticide Contamination: Surface Water Download PDF
Chapter  143:  Pollution: Nonpoint Source Download PDF
Chapter  144:  Pollution: Point Source Download PDF
Chapter  145:  Riparian Wetlands: Mapping Download PDF
Chapter  146:  Riparian Zones: Groundwater Nitrate (NO ) Cycling Download PDF
Chapter  147:  Stormwaters: Management Download PDF
Chapter  148:  Stormwaters: Urban Modeling Download PDF
Chapter  149:  Streams: Perennial and Seasonal Download PDF
Chapter  150:  Submerged Aquatic Vegetation: Seagrasses Download PDF
Chapter  151:  Surface Water: Nitrogen Enrichment Download PDF
Chapter  152:  Surface Water: Nitrogen Fertilizer Pollution Download PDF
Chapter  153:  Tourism Management: Marine and Coastal Recreation Download PDF
Chapter  154:  Water Cycle: Ocean’s Role Download PDF
Chapter  155:  Water Quality and Monitoring Download PDF
Chapter  156:  Watershed Hydrology and Land-Use and Land-Cover Change (LULCC) Download PDF
Chapter  157:  Wetlands: Indices of Biotic Integrity Download PDF
Chapter  158:  Acid Rain and Nitrogen Deposition Download PDF
Chapter  159:  Acid Rain and Precipitation Chemistry Download PDF
Chapter  160:  Agroclimatology Download PDF
Chapter  161:  Air Pollutants: Elevated Carbon Dioxide Download PDF
Chapter  162:  Asian Monsoon Download PDF
Chapter  163:  Atmospheric Acid Deposition Download PDF
Chapter  164:  Atmospheric Circulation: General Download PDF
Chapter  165:  Circulation Patterns: Atmospheric and Oceanic Download PDF
Chapter  166:  Climate Change Download PDF
Chapter  167:  Climate Change: Coastal Marine Ecosystems Download PDF
Chapter  168:  Climate Change: Polar Regions Download PDF
Chapter  169:  Climate: Classification Download PDF
Chapter  170:  Climate: Extreme Events Download PDF
Chapter  171:  Climatology Download PDF
Chapter  172:  Climatology: Moist Enthalpy and Long-Term Anomaly Trends Download PDF
Chapter  173:  Crops and the Atmosphere: Trace Gas Exchanges Download PDF
Chapter  174:  Dew Point Temperature Download PDF
Chapter  175:  Drought: Management Download PDF
Chapter  176:  Drought: Precipitation, Evapotranspiration, and Soil Moisture Download PDF
Chapter  177:  Drought: Resistance Download PDF
Chapter  178:  El Niño, La Niña, and the Southern Oscillation Download PDF
Chapter  179:  Floods: Riverine Download PDF
Chapter  180:  Fronts Download PDF
Chapter  181:  Land–Atmosphere Interactions Download PDF
Chapter  182:  Meteorology: Tropical Download PDF
Chapter  183:  Ozone and Ozone Depletion Download PDF
Chapter  184:  Transpiration and Physical Evaporation: United States Variability Download PDF
Chapter  185:  Tropical Cyclones Download PDF
Chapter  186:  Urban Heat Islands Download PDF
Chapter  187:  Water Storage: Atmospheric Download PDF
Chapter  188:  Wind Speed Probability Distribution Download PDF
Prelims1 Download PDF
Prelims2 Download PDF
Index Download PDF
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